Astrakhan


Astrakhan
ASTRAKHAN
A soft, curly, strong wool, obtained from a sheep reared in Astrakhan, Persia, and other Asiatic districts. A cloth of silk and worsted, or all worsted, with a long loosely curled pile, and put on the market as an imitation of real astrakhan. Mohair yam is largely used. The worsted fabric is made in widths 56 to 70-in., 48 X 78 picks, two-fold botany warp, about 2 / 56's to 2 / 70's, and the weft four picks single botany and two picks three-fold mohair. The mohair weft yarn is curled before using, which, when cut (similar to velveteen) causes the free ends of the tufts to curl on the face of the cloth. This cut fabric is known as "Polarian". Sometimes the pile is left uncut. A good quality cloth is made 48-in. wide, 48-ends, 150 picks per inch, 2 / 30's cotton warp, one pick 24's cotton weft, and two picks 88's mohair. A knitted fabric is also on the market as an imitation astrakhan. This is the cheapest method, but does not give the same weight or wearing quality. Astrakhan fabrics are made in two ways : - (1) On the weft principle, in which by the shrinking of the ground texture the pile weft is thrown up as a loop; (2) as a warp texture, in which loops are formed by the warp yarn passing over wires.

Dictionary of the English textile terms. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ASTRAKHAN — ASTRAKHAN, Volga port, capital of Astrakhan district, Russia. The Jewish Statute of 1804 (see russia ) included the province (gubernia) of Astrakhan in the pale of settlement . However, in 1825 Jewish settlement in this government was prohibited …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ASTRAKHAN — ASTRAKHA S’étendant sur les deux rives du bras principal de la Volga, à une centaine de kilomètres de la mer Caspienne, Astrakhan, chef lieu de la région administrative de la Fédération de Russie du même nom, comptait déjà 113 000 habitants en… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Astrakhan — As tra*khan , a. Of or pertaining to Astrakhan in Russia or its products; made of an Astrakhan skin. n. The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • astrakhan — cloth or astrakhan wool of the type originally clipped from sheep native to Astrakhan on the Caspian in the delta of the Volga …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • astrakhan — ► NOUN ▪ the dark curly fleece of young karakul lambs from central Asia. ORIGIN named after the city of Astrakhan in Russia …   English terms dictionary

  • astrakhan — [as′trə kən] n. 1. a loosely curled fur, a kind of karakul, made from the pelt of very young lambs originally bred near Astrakhan 2. a wool fabric with a pile cut and curled to look like this …   English World dictionary

  • Astrakhan — Astrakhan, so v.w. Astrachan …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Astrakhan — [as′trə kan΄; ] Russ [ äs΄trə khän′y ] city & port in SW Russia, on the Volga River delta near the Caspian Sea: pop. 512,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Astrakhan — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Astrakan. Astrakhan Астрахань …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Astrakhan — Infobox Russian city EnglishName=Astrakhan RussianName=Астрахань Skyline=Astrakhan panoramaofcenter.jpg Skyline LatDeg=46 LatMin=21 LatSec LonDeg=48 LonMin=03 LonSec Locator LocatorMap CityDay= FederalSubject=Astrakhan Oblast MunStatus=Urban… …   Wikipedia

  • astrakhan — /as treuh keuhn, kan /, n. 1. a fur of young lambs, with lustrous, closely curled wool, from Astrakhan. 2. Also called astrakhan cloth. a fabric with curled pile resembling astrakhan fur. Also, astrachan. [1760 70] * * * City (pop., 2001 est.:… …   Universalium